Thomas B. Murphy scrapbooks
Scope and Contents note
Thirty-four scrapbooks compiled by Wiley Nixon and Jeanne Moon Hill, with the help of Ms. Clara Griffin from the House Information Office who clipped articles from the newspapers.
The scrapbooks were originally kept in Thomas B. Murphy's office in the Georgia State Capitol, under and around his large oval conference table. After Speaker Murphy departed his office, his family kept the scrapbooks. On 8 December 2011, Carol Murphy and Chad Long delivered the scrapbooks to Catherine Hendricks to be placed in the Murphy Office replica within Ingram Library. Because of concerns about dust and exposure to light, the scrapbooks were then moved to Ingram Library's Special Collections in May 2015.
Conditions Governing Access note
Open to all users
Thomas Bailey Murphy (1924-2007), was born on March 10, 1924 in Bremen, Georgia to Leta Jones and William Harvey Murphy. Thomas was the youngest of four boys. Murphy's political philosophy was shaped by his Primitive Baptist religion, growing up during the Great Depression, and serving in the Pacific during World War II. Tom Murphy was a good student and held a number of jobs during his youth, including newspaper carrier, movie usher, and soda jerk. He graduated from high school at sixteen and enrolled at North Georgia College in Dahlonega. After graduating in 1943, Murphy joined the U.S. Navy and was stationed in the South Pacific as part of a Seabees unit for the majority of World War II. Upon returning home he learned that his beloved older brother James had a form of crippling rheumatoid arthritis. In 1946 Tom Murphy married eighteen-year-old Agnes Bennett. The marriage lasted 36 years, until her death in 1982, due to a heart attack.
Murphy enrolled in law school at the University of Georgia, and after graduation joined his brother James's law practice in their hometown of Bremen, called Murphy & Murphy. Tragically, James died of a stroke in 1966 at the age of 46. Tom Murphy became active in local issues and was elected to a variety of positions, including Bremen school board in 1948, for which he was chairman from 1960 until 1965. Murphy was elected to his first term in the Georgia House in 1960. Murphy began his rise to power in the Georgia House as an administrative floor leader for Governor Lester Maddox from 1967-1970 and then served as Speaker pro tem from 1970-1973.
During his tenure, Tom Murphy dealt with key issues of the times such as integration, domestic violence, abortion, reapportionment, and civil rights. Murphy worked hard for the people of his rural district and for the advancement of the city of Atlanta, supporting the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA), improvements to Atlanta's Grady Hospital, the creation of the Georgia World Congress Center, the construction of the Georgia Dome, the Georgia Agrirama, a housing trust fund, the development of a system of technical schools, and other measures that benefited rural and small-town Georgia. He believed that if the city of Atlanta grew and prospered, so would the rest of Georgia and the Southeast. Murphy was a capable manager of the state's finances, and was a fiscal conservative, though when it came to the handicapped, children, and the elderly he considered himself a "bleeding heart liberal." He supported increased educational funding for children with special needs. He also recognized the importance of education, particularly in providing technical training for Georgia's rural and small-town populations to work in new industries and the service economy as the state moved to a more diversified economy from its former base of agricultural and textile industries.
The area in which he may have had the greatest national impact was in his determination and success in keeping Georgia a Democratic state in the face of a Republican tidal wave sweeping most of the South. His tight control of the reapportionment process enabled Georgia to keep sending a majority of Democratic Congressmen to Washington, while other southern states were sending ever more Republicans.
Murphy was defeated by Republican challenger Bill Heath in 2002, which would have been Murphy's twenty-second term in the House. Murphy had barely defeated Heath in 2000, by only 505 votes. In 2003 the House declared March 9th as Tom Murphy Day in honor of his seventy- ninth birthday. In 2004 Murphy suffered a stroke, and his health steadily declined until his death on December 17, 2007. The former Speaker lay in state, first in the House Chambers, and then in the Capitol Rotunda. Murphy is survived by four children, five grandchildren, and seven great-grandchildren. He is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Cemetery in Bremen, Georgia.
24.0 Linear feet (34 scrapbooks, 1 map folder)
Thirty-four scrapbooks detailing the career of Thomas B. Murphy.
Custodial History note
In May 2015, the scrapbooks were removed from the Murphy Office replica in Ingram Library and transferred to Special Collections for housing and care. The scrapbooks were moved to provide a better storage space for them with less light and exposure to dust. In 2019-2020, each scrapbook was individually housed in a custom-made archival box.
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Carol Murphy (wife of Judge Michael L. Murphy) and Chad Long (son of Martha Murphy Long) delivered the scrapbooks to Ingram Library in December 2011. Upon the movement of the scrapbooks from the Murphy Office replica to Special Collections, Michael L. Murphy signed a Deed of Gift, 21 May 2015.
- Guide to the Thomas B. Murphy Scrapbooks POL-0002-02
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